This invention relates to roof structures. More particularly, it refers to an insulated membrane covered roof structure for use in replacing defective roofs on mobile homes and low pitch gravel roofs.
Roofing systems for flat roof structures are well known as shown by U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,045,922; 4,162,597 and 4,424,650. These systems provide adequate covering for flat roofs, but tend to be expensive to install. A roofing system is needed which will provide a replacement roof for roofs with split seams, rusted surfaces, poor insulating properties or leaking joints, but at a low cost to accommodate the modest income level of many mobile home owners.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
We have invented a novel replacement roofing system that combines the efficiency of selected roofing components with advanced installation techniques resulting in a low cost long lasting roof.
The replacement roof system is installed by mechanically fastening rigid insulation panels to the flat surface of the old roof. The panels are held down by fastening plates installed at strategic locations where corners of two or more insulation panels touch. A flexible water impervious membrane is thereafter affixed with mechanical fasteners through the panels of rigid insulation to the old metal roof and the flexible membrane is overlapped and heat sealed on top of the mechanical fasteners. A portion of the flexible membrane is allowed to overlap the upper portion of the sidewall intersecting with the roof and is mechanically fastened to the sidewall with a termination insert bar having a first and second leg.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The present invention may be further understood by those having ordinary skill in the art by reference to the following detailed description together with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is an elevation view of the roof structure in section;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of an alternative termination insert bar to the one used in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partial perspective view of a roof corner with the membrane cover fold shown in phantom;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the membrane cover before being rolled out;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the membrane cover after being rolled out;
FIG. 6 is a plan view of the membrane cover in place with the heat welding strip shown in phantom;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the roof structure being applied to a single unit mobile home;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the roof structure being applied to a two unit mobile home;
FIG. 9a is a perspective view of a cone-shaped boot;
FIG. 9b is a perspective view of the boot cut off and engaged to an exterior pipe and its brim heat welded to the roof membrane;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a power vent attached to the roof; and
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the roof membrane cover attachment to an awning pan.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Referring to FIG. 1, the roof replacement structure 10 includes blocks of rigid insulation 12 laid over an old roof 14 so that each block 12 touches an adjacent block 12. At the intersection of two or more insulation blocks 12, or at the corner of a block a fastening plate 16 is installed. A screw 18 with head 20 holds the fastening plate 16 in place. The screw 18 is drilled down between the insulation blocks or through a block into the old roof 14. The old roof 14 is completely covered with the rigid insulation blocks 12. After the insulation blocks 12 are securely in place, a water impermeable membrane 22 about 35 mm. thick such as one made from an ethylene interpolymer 22 is rolled over the insulation blocks 12 to cover the entire top flat side of the roof and overlap each side of the roof to a distance of about one foot, (30.48 cm.).
The membrane 22 is held down in a pattern shown in FIGS. 4-6. A screw 23 is inserted through a round 2 inch steel plate 26 and through the membrane 22 into the old roof. An extension of the membrane 22a is heat welded 24 to the membrane 22 and then is overlapped over screw 23 so that the screw is not exposed to the air.
In double sided roofs FIG. 8, the membrane 22 on each side of the roof is overlapped approximately 2 inches (5 cm.) as shown in FIG. 6 and heat welded together so that moisture cannot penetrate under the membrane 22.
The membrane 22 is overlapped in the manner of a bedsheet as shown in FIG. 3 at each corner of the building. The fold line 26 provides a neat tuck in a fashion that prevents water or moisture from entering under the membrane 22.
The J rail 28 of the old roof is used as a guide to mount a termination insert bar 30 over the bottom edge 32 of the membrane 22. The termination insert bar 30 is held in place by a screw 38, having a skirt 36 and head 34. The termination insert bar has retaining legs 40 and 42 that retain a roofing member insert 44 covering the screw 38. Putty tape 46 is inserted between the membrane 22 and the J rail 28 to prevent moisture from entering the structure upon application of the screw 38 to the termination insert bar 30. Nose portions 29 and 31 together with nipples 25 and 27 of the termination insert bar 30 apply added pressure to the membrane 22 to hold the membrane in place. A void 33 is formed between nipples 25 and 27. In FIG. 2 nose 31a is longer than nose 29 so that void 35 in FIG. 1 does not occur and the membrane 22 is flush with the side of the rigid insulation 12.
The roofing membrane insert 44 is easily slipped under legs 40 and 42 of the termination insert bar 30 so that all screws 38 around the circumference of the roof are covered from exposure to weather.
FIG. 7 shows a single side mobile home 50 with its replacement roof in process of being installed. The insulation blocks 12 are partially in place and plates 16 holding the blocks down are visible. The membrane 22 is shown about to be unrolled. Also shown are screws 23 holding the membrane 22 in place. A double mobile home 52 is shown in FIG. 8 with the blocks 12 partially in place and the membrane 22 being unrolled over the blocks 12. The overlap zone 48 in this instance is the center portion of the mobile home 52.
As shown in FIG. 8, former stack 54 is removed prior to applying the insulation blocks 12 and a hole 56 as shown in FIG. 7 remains. Hole 56 is filled by inserting an extended pipe 62 in an inverted cone 58 as shown in FIGS. 9a and 9b. The outer circumference or brim 60 of the cone 58 is integral with cone 58. The top portion or apex of the cone 58 is cut off to accommodate the appropriate diameter pipe 62 inside the cone 58. A hose clamp 64 holds the cone 58 to the pipe 62 in a sealed relationship. The brim 60 integral with the cone 58 is heat welded at 66 to the membrane 22.
Alternatively, a powdered roof vent 70 such as shown in FIG. 10 can be installed over insulation and through membrane 22. The power vent 70 has a cap 72, a motor and fan blade 74, a temperature sensor 76, a solar cell 78 and a one way vent 80. Air is drawn up from the interior of the newly insulated roof area through vent 80. An outer flange 82 integral with the power vent 70 is attached to the membrane 22 by heat welding.
Roof pan 84 presents a leakage problem unless carefully handled by overlapping the membrane 22 with edges 86 and 88 respectively. Putty tape such as used in FIG. 1 and designated 46 is inserted between each membrane 86 and 88 in order to form a firm seal on the pans 84.
It is preferable to use number 300 stainless steel or nickel plated screws in each instance where appropriate with this invention. The membrane is an ethylene interpolymer or like material that is heat sealable and is impervious to moisture. The insulation block 12 can be any of the materials commonly used in the industry such as styrofoam, fiberglass and the like. The exact dimension of the insulation block 12 will vary with the desired insulating effect to be obtained. The termination insert bar 30 is made of stainless steel or painted aluminum to withstand exposure to the elements.